San Antonio-El Paso Road

Travel back in time on San Antonio-El Paso Road

FORT DAVIS, TX – Explore a forgotten road. Plotted by the army during the California Gold Rush in 1849, San Antonio-El Paso Road stretched 600 miles over West Texas and allowed trade, supplies, and settlers to travel over the country of the Devils River and the Trans-Pecos. It served as a mail route to San Diego and vanished once railroads reached El Paso in the early 1880s. Today it links historical sites: Casa Navarro, Landmark Inn, Fort Lancaster, Fort Davis, and Magoffin Home.


  1. Johnson, J. E.; Smith, W. F.; Bryan, F. T. & Whiting, W. H. C. Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio De Bexar El Paso Del Norte, &c. &c., map, 1849; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ( accessed April 1, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Hardin-Simmons University Library.
  2. United States Army. Corps Of Topographical Engineers, William H Emory, Robert McClelland, and Selmar Siebert. Boundary between the United States & Mexico agreed upon by the Joint Commission under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: surveyed in -53 under the direction of Bvt. Major W.H. Emory, Corps of Topographical Engineers, Chief Astronomer and Surveyor. Washington D.C.: Corps of Topographical Engineers, to 1853. Boston: F. Herbst & Thos. Jekyll, to 1853, 1852. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, (Accessed April 01, 2018.)
  1. Dearen, Patrick. The Devils River : treacherous twin to the Pecos, 1535-1900. Fort Worth, Tex: TCU Press, 2011. Print.
  2. Bartlett, John Russell.┬áPersonal Narrative of Explorations & Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua: Connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, During the Years 1850, ’51, ’52, and ’53, Volume 1.┬áCalifornia: George Routledge, 1854
  3. Newcomb, W. W.. The Indians of Texas. Austin, Tex: University of Texas Press, 1980